How to Minimize Allergy Symptoms
The immune system reacts to allergens by creating an excessive amount of histamine, a chemical that causes a number of unpleasant symptoms. Histamine is a natural body chemical that causes a range of reactions, including skin rashes, itchy welts, and even breathing difficulties in severe cases. However, an excess release of histamine can also lead to more serious complications, such as anaphylaxis. Allergy symptoms are created by a normal process that produces allergic reactions to seemingly harmless substances.
An allergist can determine what the causes of your allergy are and devise a treatment plan that’s right for you. In most cases, over-the-counter medications can relieve allergy symptoms, but in more severe cases, prescription medication may be needed. In order to reduce the number of reactions and keep your symptoms to a minimum, you should be able to avoid allergens as much as possible. The most important step in minimizing allergy symptoms is to avoid known triggers.
Symptoms of food allergies can vary, depending on the specific allergen and the way it was ingested. A rash can occur as soon as an hour after exposure, or days later. If your allergy is to a specific allergen, your doctor may prescribe an injection of epinephrine, a chemical that blocks the production of certain chemicals in your body that cause swelling and pain. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening, so treatment should be taken as quickly as possible.